We brought together all the information you need to know about breast cancer. Here are experts from the breast cancer …
What is breast cancer?
Prof. Dr. Memorial Ataşehir Hospital Medical Oncology Department. Dr. Gökhan Kandemir defines breast cancer.
Breast cancer is a type of cancer seen especially in women, which can develop with abnormal growth of breast cells and uncontrolled growth. As age progresses, the risk of breast cancer increases.
What causes breast cancer?
The most important risk factor for breast cancer is being a woman. Estrogen, also known as feminine hormone, increases the risk of breast cancer for a long period of exposure. Menstruation before the age of 12, menopause after 55 years of age, increase the duration of exposure to the hormone estrogen. There is also a risk for those who are not pregnant at all. Using birth control pills in the age of fertility increases the risk of over 5 years of these uses in particular. Estrogen hormone is also included in the hormone therapy applied to relieve post menopausal complaints. For this reason, taking more than 5 years of these hormones may increase the risk of breast cancer development.
Men can have breast cancer too!
Breast cancer, especially in women, can be seen rarely in males as well. Approximately one in every 100 breast cancers is seen in men. With the same signs and symptoms as women; the reason for not being aware of this issue is that breast cancer in men is usually diagnosed in advanced stages.
What are the ways to avoid breast cancer?
If breast cancer is one of the most common cancers, it is possible to treat completely before the entire breast and axillary lymph nodes are removed. In this regard, women should be informed and acted consciously. They should periodically self-examine their mammals and should immediately contact a general surgery specialist if they feel any differences. It is very important to go through the annual mammography screening from the age of forty. Individuals with breast cancer in first-degree relatives are required to go to the doctor’s control every 6 months from the age of 15-20 years before the age of the family member who has cancer. The risk of developing cancer may be determined by genetically testing relatives of patients who have breast cancer at a young age.
Early diagnosis is important and it is possible to take precautions to avoid getting cancer which is ideal. It is known that some factors increase the risk of developing breast cancer: to have an individual with breast cancer, to see menstruation at an early age and to enter a menopause at a late age, not to give birth, or to do at a late age. It is difficult or impossible for the quiche to change them.
Can life-style changes reduce breast cancer risk?
As a result of the investigations, it was observed that the rate of breast cancer development decreased by 1.6 percent, depending on the change in lifestyle. This means that 16,000 women will not get cancer in the 1 million women’s community. Moreover, the proportion of those with cancer in their families was 3.2 percent higher.
What is meant by the change in lifestyle is:
Decreasing the body mass index, ie weight loss,
Reducing alcohol consumption.
In fact, it is possible to protect not only breast cancer but also many other types of cancer.